In a series of Tweets, Lord Fusitu’a, a former Member of Parliament for Tonga, released an ETA for Bitcoin becoming legal tender in Tonga. Copying the El Salvadorean playbook, the move could onboard more than 100,000 Tongans onto the Bitcoin network.
In his five-point plan, the Chairman of the Global Organization of Parliamentarians Against Corruption (GOPAC) describes the adoption path:
1. Sept/Oct Bill goes to Parliament. Passed.
2. Sent to Palace Office for submission to His Majesty for Royal Assent.
3.<A month – HM as advised by Privy Council assents to Bill.
4. 2-3 Weeks Gazetted by Govt activation date set.
4. On activation date #BTC becomes legal tender. https://t.co/TNjQjeEbjN
— Lord Fusitu’a (@LordFusitua) January 12, 2022
In a follow-up comment, Fusitu’a said the bill is “modeled on and is almost identical to the El Salvador Flag of El Salvador bill.”
The announcement sowed the seeds for questions, predictions and outright jubilation from Bitcoin Twitter before the Tongan set the record straight. He enthusiastically replied that the timeline for BTC becoming legal tender could happen as early as November or December this year, replying “Boom! That’s us, brother!” in a tweet.
In 2021, it was widely speculated that Tonga could become one of the next countries to adopt BTC as legal tender. Speculation reached a fever peak following a podcast Lord Fusitu’a undertook with Bedford-based Bitcoiner Peter McCormack.
During the conversation, the then Member of Parliament shared the remittance case for adopting BTC as legal tender. He said adoption would provoke:
“A disposable income increase by 30%. With that extra 30%, some (people) are going to be saving it rather than putting it into the economy and stacking sats.”
Tonga is a remote island nation that relies upon remittances from countries including Australia, New Zealand and the United States. The International Finance Corporation estimates that Tonga receives more income from remittances than any other country in the world, contributing up to 30% of household income.
Furthermore, while the Tongan population numbers just six figures, the Tongan diaspora is vast. The International Organization for Migration estimates the Tongan population living abroad at 126,000, with up to 18,000 Tongans in Australia.
The remittance use case was one of the primary drivers for El Salvador adopting BTC as legal tender. According to the World Bank, Tonga’s remittance as a percentage of GDP is substantially higher than El Salvador, at 39% vs. 24%, respectively.
Remittance aside, the Lord brought up domestic advantages for adopting the open-source protocol. He agreed that Tonga could create a BTC circular economy and that it’s “one of the few instances in which being a sparsely populated small island kingdom archipelago is an advantage.”
When the islands’ internet infrastructure was brought into question, the Tongan claimed internet and smartphone penetration rates exceeded 90%. The World Bank’s most recent figures — albeit from five years ago in 2017 — show Tonga at 50% internet penetration.
Bringing the islands online may take some time, but Fusitu’a is adamant about his country’s BTC future:
An economy that uses bitcoin for payment at every stage of the supply chain. From the seed to the table. Pay for cassava roots and cattle in bitcoin from the farming supplier all the way to the waitress serving it to you at Kardo’s steak bar and every step in between in #BTC https://t.co/oR48NGzTGm
— Lord Fusitu’a (@LordFusitua) January 13, 2022